Trampoline and Tumbling (T&T) is a high-flying sub sport of gymnastics focusing on the events of trampoline, synchronised trampoline, double mini trampoline, and power tumbling.
First becoming a sport in the 1930s, T&T is a sport for any age and level. It can be enjoyed by little ones starting to bounce, anyone wanting to learn, or elite athletes that want to catapult themselves to the sky.
T&T is a great sport to work on foundations. It includes all the motor skills in some shape or form, focusing on the strength and speed necessary to compete at the highest levels.
A typical competition routine on the trampoline is characterised by high, continuous rhythmic feet to feet, to back, front or seat rotational jumping elements, without hesitation or intermediate straight bounces between two elements.
In a synchronised competition, a pair of gymnasts can consist of two women or two men. Pairs must do the same element at the same time and must start facing the same direction.
A typical trampoline competition is made up of three routines/rounds: compulsory (a combination of free and compulsory elements), voluntary (free elements of the gymnast’s own choosing) and the final voluntary round. Each routine is made up of 10 skills and must start and finish on the feet.
Source: British Gymnastics Federation
Double mini trampoline
The DMT is like two mini tramps that have been joined in the middle. The first section of the apparatus is set at a slight angle and called the mount. From the mount, skills are performed onto the second section of the apparatus. This second section is called the spotter and is where skills can be performed back onto the tramp bed or as a dismount onto the landing mat.
Double Mini Trampoline can be likened to a combination of Athletics, Trampolining and Gymnastics. Competitors sprint down a carpeted track and hurdle onto the apparatus before performing double and triple somersaults with the same precision required on a trampoline. The only difference is that gymnasts have to land on a trampoline bed less than a quarter the size of a trampoline, before performing a dismount on to a landing mat.
In DMT competitions there are four passes, two in the preliminary round and two in the final round. Each pass consists of one skill performed as either a mount or a spotter, followed by a dismount skill making two skills per pass.
Source: British Gymnastics
Tumbling is a characterised by the complex, swift and rhythmical succession of acrobatic bounding from hands to feet, feet to hands or even feet directly back onto feet. A tumbling pass may be over in a matter of seconds and is performed on a tumbling track that is 25 meters in length.
In tumbling, a gymnast performs a tumbling pass which sees the gymnast gain speed and power by running along a track and performing a series of somersaults and twists. World-class tumblers perform no less than two double somersaults in one run, the best of them three, with twisting elements in addition.
A typical tumbling competition will include the gymnast completing three tumbling passes. The first is called a Straight Pass (composed of somersaults), the second is called the Twisting Pass (twists) with the third and Final Pass (composed of both somersaults and twists.
Tumbling is the perfect sport for those looking for a fast-paced and daring challenge.
Source: British Gymnastics
TeamGym is a team competition for men and women, which includes routines being performed on three pieces of apparatus: floor, trampette and a tumbling track.
As a natural extension of artistic gymnastics, TeamGym competitions provide a great opportunity for those gymnasts not wishing to take part in all six (men’s artistic) or four (women’s artistic) gymnastics, to work as part of a team.
TeamGym competitions may consist of three categories: women, men and mixed teams. In each of the three categories a team may consist of between 6 to 12 gymnasts.
TeamGym routines require effective teamwork, excellent technique and spectacular acrobatic elements. Training and competitions generate an excellent team spirit amongst gymnasts with routines providing great entertainment and spectacle for participants and spectators.
TeamGym competition has its roots in Scandinavia where it has been a major event for more than 20 years. The Euroteam competition, a recent addition to the European Union of Gymnastics (UEG) calendar, was first held in Finland in 1996 and now takes place in even-numbered years.
Gymnasts taking part in TeamGym competitions will perform routines (programmes) on the following pieces of apparatus:
Teams perform an optional floor routine within a 14 x 20 metre non-sprung floor area. The routine is accompanied by instrumental music and emphasises strong and smooth teamwork and expressive presentation.
A typical floor routine will consist predominantly of gymnastic elements and meticulous choreography. The choice of elements must suit the level and maturity of the team as well as the music. The aim is good technical performance, fluent and linked movements, and certainty of synchronisation as well as expressive presentation.
Teams perform a series of somersaults and twists from a trampette, with good streaming (consecutively and close to each other). Part of the trampette series is performed using a vaulting table.
Again the complete series is performed to music, with each team performing three different rounds. The streaming and complexity of the elements produces some very exciting performances.
Teams perform a tumbling series on a 14 metre tumbling track with good streaming. This produces a very dynamic and entertaining performance.
The series is performed to music. Each team performs three different rounds and each tumbling series must consist of at least three different acrobatic elements, without intermediate steps.
TeamGym is the perfect way to extend or support the participation of other gymnastics disciplines. It provides a great way to keep in shape and maintain skills and fitness with friends
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